Senin, 22 Februari 2010

Leaving Law Prayers

We already know the deal about kafirnya scholars who oppose prayer obligations. However, for those who left because I was lazy, what's more he still believe that prayer is a prescribed practice, there are differences of opinion among scholars, among which are not mengkafirkan with mengkafirkan and whether or not he dibunuh1.
Legal problems of people who left this prayer is indeed a problem since time immemorial khilafiyyah among salaful umma, and the dispute teranggap (mu'tabar). Therefore, we should not rashly accuse people menyelisihi our opinion in this case, like we say Murji `(followers of understanding Murji` ah, because no one is left mengkafirkan prayer) or menvonisnya with Khariji (Kharijites understanding followers, because people who mengkafirkan prayer). Legal origin in the mu'tabar err is one should not deny other people's opinions and denounce. Denouncing someone because they follow the opinion of scholars from the Salaf (the priests known) equal to denounce the Salaf. Therefore we once again emphasize, we should not boycott and denounced our brothers in the problems that we find our scholars are also different opinions on it. Indeed fiqh issue like this, we find the scholars often disagree, and they were paved for his brother for the problems that are allowed / dilapangkan for berijtihad.
Ash-Shaykh al-Allama Ibn 'Uthaymeen rahimahullahu stated that the problems of this prayer including a very big problem today that many people fall in it (the disaster stricken by not fulfilled). And the clergy and priests from among these people, the past and present, disagree about the law. (Hukmu book Mukaddimah shalah Tarikish pp. 3)
People who left the prayer Fardhu intentionally meant he had committed a huge sin. Sin on the side of Allaah is greater than the sin of killing the soul that is not permissible to be killed, or the sin of taking property of others is false, or the sin of adultery, stealing and drinking wine. Prayer means exposing themselves to punishment Allaah and His wrath. He will be humiliated by Allaah in the world and in akhiratnya. (Ash-Shalatu wa Hukmu Tarikiha, Ibn al-Qayyim rahimahullahu, pp. 7)
About punishment in the hereafter for those who pray waste expressed Allaah in His Word:
ما سلككم في سقر. قالوا لم نك من المصلين
"Does that put you into hell Saqar?" They said, "We were not among those who do pray ...." (Al-MUDDATSTSIR: 42-43)
فويل للمصلين الذين هم عن صلاتهم ساهون
"So woe to those who pray, those who neglect the prayer of working ...." (Al-Ma'un: 4-5)
فخلف من بعدهم خلف أضاعوا الصلاة واتبعوا الشهوات فسوف يلقون غيا
"So go after them, the bad substitute wasted prayers and his own whims and desires, then one day they will meet kerugian2." (Maryam: 59)

Differences of opinion among scholars
1. Abdullah bin Mubarak, Ahmad, Ishaq, and Ibn Hubaib from Malikiyyah among those who argue kafir3 prayer intentionally, although he did not oppose the prayer obligations. This opinion is also dihikayatkan of Ali ibn Abi Talib, Ibn Abbas, and Al-Hakam ibn 'Uyainah radi' anhum. Some followers of Al-Imam Ash-Shafi'i rahimahullahu also argues demikian4. (Al-Majmoo '3 / 19, Al-Minhaj 2 / 257, Nailul Authar, 2 / 403)
They argued with the word of Allaah:
فإذا انسلخ الأشهر الحرم فاقتلوا المشركين حيث وجدتموهم وخذوهم واحصروهم واقعدوا لهم كل مرصد فإن تابوا وأقاموا الصلاة وآتوا الزكاة فخلوا سبيلهم إن الله غفور رحيم
"If had been the sacred months, slay the idolaters wherever you find them and arrest them. Kepunglah them and intailah in place surveillance. If they repent, establish regular prayer and practice regular charity, then give them the freedom to walk. Verily Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. "(At-Tauba: 5)
In the above verse which Allaah has set three conditions must be fulfilled before a man who had been exempted from punishment polytheists killed as infidels is repent, establish regular prayer and practice regular charity. If these three conditions are met means that he had become a Muslim who maintained their blood. But if not, he is not a Muslim. Thus, whoever neglects prayer intentionally, does not want fulfilled, meant not eligible to be left running, which means he can dibunuh5.
Their argument is a hadeeth from the hadeeth of Jabir ibn 'Abdillah radi' anhuma, he said, "I've heard the Prophet alaihi wa sallam said:
إن بين الرجل وبين الشرك والكفر ترك الصلاة
"Actually the person with kesyirikan and disbelief is prayer." (Narrated by Muslim, no. 242)
Similarly, Ibn al-hadith Hushaib Buraidah radi 'anhu, he said, "The Messenger of Allaah' alaihi wa sallam said:
العهد الذي بيننا وبينهم الصلاة فمن تركه فقد كفر
"Agreement between us and them is prayer, then he who neglects prayer means to the ruling." (Narrated by Ahmad, 5 / 346, At-Tirmidhi, no. 2621, Ibn Majah no. 1079 and other than. Dishahihkan ash-Shaykh al-Albani rahimahullahu in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, Al-Mishkat no. 574 and also in Sahih At-Targhib wat Tarhib thing. 299) [See Tharhut Tatsrib, 1 / 323]
In the two hadith on the general expressed "prayer" without any mention of "left for opposing obligations". Means a threat in the hadith is generally applied, both for those who left the prayer for opposing any obligation or not.
A Tabi'in named Abdullah bin Syaqiq rahimahullahu said:
كان أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لا يرون شيئا من الأعمال تركه كفر غير الصلاة
"It is the Messenger of Allaah friends' alaihi wa sallam did not see any thing from the practices that can be left if the perpetrator unless mengkafirkan prayer practices." (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi no. 2622, dishahihkan ash-Shaykh al-Albani in Saheeh Sunan rahimahullahu al-Tirmidhi, as well as in Sahih At-Targhib wat Tarhib no. 562)
Abdullah said that the Companions agreed 'those who disbelieved in prayer' and they do not require 'must be accompanied by denial of his duty' or 'against an obligation to pray'. Because who says prayer is not obligatory, it's obvious disbelief for everyone. (Al-Majmoo '3 / 19, Al-Minhaj 2 / 257, Tharhut Tatsrib 1 / 323, Nailul Authar 2 / 403)
2. Meanwhile, the majority opinion also dinukilkan scholars who do not or have not looked at people who leave kafirnya pray deliberately. Al-Imam Abdul Haq Al-Isybili rahimahullahu in his book Ash wat shalah Tahajjud (p. 96) states, "All Muslims from Ahlus Sunnah among both experts and other haditsnya them, argue that people who pray deliberately left in a state he was faithful to obligation to pray and recognize / define, is not dikafirkan. But he has done an act of great sin. As for the hadith the Prophet alaihi wa sallam who said Zahir kafirnya who neglects prayer, so also the words' 'Umar and other than, they takwil as they mentakwil Prophet peace' alaihi wa sallam:
لا يزني الزاني حين يزني وهو مؤمن ...
"It is not an adulterer adultery in a state he believed when making such fornication." 6
Similarly, other hadiths that matched this. The Ahl al-ilmi who thinks he killed people who left the prayer, he meant only as a law had been murdered, not because he was pagan. So this opinion held by al-Imam Malik, Ash-Shafi'i, and besides them. "
Al-Hafiz Al-'Iraqi rahimahullahu said, "People of scientific opinion jumhur kafirnya not a prayer if indeed he was not opposed to obligations. This is the opinion of the priests: Abu Hanifa, Malik, Ash-Shafi'i, and also a history of al-Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal. Hadiths on a saheeh in legal trouble ini7 prayer, they replied with some answers, including:
First: The meaning of these hadiths is the one who neglects prayer deserve punishment given to the unbelievers killed.
Second: The verdict is in disbelieve that the hadiths are applied to those who consider kosher without udzur prayer.
Third: Leaving prayers can sometimes bring the perpetrators to paganism, as it is stated that 'immoral acts are heading disbelief'.
Fourth: Actions prayer is an act of infidels. "(Tharhut Tatsrib, 1/324-325)
Evidence jumhur used by scholars is the word of Allaah:
إن الله لا يغفر أن يشرك به ويغفر ما دون ذلك لمن يشاء
"Verily Allah does not forgive his sins associate with sesuatu8 (shirk) and He forgives sins except shirk for whom He wills." (An-Nisa `: 48)
While not doing Shirk pray not, but one big sin that which Allaah has promised to give amnesty to whom Allaah wills.
Also hadiths which many, including the hadeeth of 'Shamit radi Ubadah ibnush' anhu that the Messenger of Allaah 'alaihi wa sallam:
خمس صلوات كتبهن الله على العباد, فمن جاء بهن لم يضيع منهن استخفافا بحقهن, كان له عند الله عهدا يدخله الجنة, ومن لم يأت بهن فليس له عند الله عهد, إن شاء عذبه, وإن شاء غفر له
"Prayer five times a servant of Allah enjoined on His slaves. Who would do it without wasting the five prayers is because he underestimated the presence a promise from Allah to Allah to enter heaven. But who does not do it for him then there is no promise from Allah, if Allah wills mengadzabnya God's will, and if God wants then God will forgive him. "(Narrated by Abu Dawood, no. 1420 dishahihkan ash-Shaykh al-Albani in Saheeh Abi rahimahullahu Dawud)
The hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah from the Prophet alaihi wa sallam:
إن أول ما يحاسب به العبد المسلم يوم القيامة الصلاة المكتوبة, فإن أتمها وإلا قيل: انظروا هل له من تطوع? فإن كان له تطوع أكملت الفريضة من تطوعه, ثم يفعل بسائر الأعمال المفروضة مثل ذلك
"Amalan who first brought to account from a slave later on the Day of Resurrection is obligatory prayers. If he had perfected the obligatory prayers is the perfect righteous deeds, but if not dikatakanlah, 'Look, if this person has tathawwu practices' (prayer Sunnah)? "If he has a practice tathawwu', disempurnakanlah mandatory prayer was doing with the Sunnah prayers. Then all the deeds that difardhukan also done like that. "(Narrated by Ibn Majah no. 1425 and the other, dishahihkan ash-Shaykh al-Albani in Saheeh Sunan rahimahullahu Ibni Majah and Al-Mishkat no. 1330-1331)
Similarly, in the hadith ash-Shahihain hosted by 'Shamit radi Ubadah ibnush' anhu of the Prophet alaihi wa sallam, he said:
من قال: أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له وأن محمدا عبده ورسوله, وأن عيسى عبد الله وابن أمته وكلمته ألقاها إلى مريم وروح منه, وأن الجنة حق, وأن النار حق, أدخله الله الجنة على ما كان من عمل
"Who is to say, 'I testify that there is no true god except Allah alone, no partner to Him and I testify that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger,' Jesus is God's servant, the son of God's servant girl, the sentence - She hurled her to the spirit of Mary and His creation, and heaven is true, too true hell ', then the people who witness this kind of God would enter into heaven any righteous deeds. "(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, no. 3435 and Muslim no. 139)
In the history of Al-Imam Muslim (no. 141) brought the word of the Messenger of Allaah 'alaihi wa sallam:
من شهد أن لا إله إلا الله وأن محمدا رسول الله حرم الله عليه النار
"Who would testify that there is no true god except Allah alone, and testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, Allah forbid the Fire for him."
In addition, many arguments that show obtained eternal not a Muslim who still have faith though few in Hell, if he had uttered syahadatain, such as the hadeeth of Anas ibn Malik radi 'anhu below. Anas said, "The Messenger of Allaah 'alaihi wa sallam said:
يخرج من النار من قال لا إله إلا الله وكان في قلبه من الخير ما يزن شعيرة, ثم يخرج من النار من قال لا إله إلا الله وكان في قلبه من الخير ما يزن برة, ثم يخرج من النار من قال لا إله إلا الله وكان في قلبه من الخير ما يزن ذرة
"It would be out of hell those who say laa ilaha illa and in his heart there is any good (faith) weighing sya'ir (a type of wheat). Then will be excluded from hell who say laa ilaha illa and in his heart goodness weighing a burrah (a type of wheat, too). Then hell will be excluded from those who say La ilaha illa and in his heart goodness weighing a very small ants. "(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, no. 44 and Muslim no. 477)
Minded clerics who do not kafirnya prayer did not then freed from punishment or relieve lighten his sentence. On the contrary, severe penalties will be imposed as we read the following information.
Ibn Shihab Az-Zuhri, Ibn Sa'id Musayyab, 'Umar ibn' Abd al 'Aziz, Abu Hanifah, Dawud ibn' Ali and Al-Muzani opinion, people who left the prayer because I was lazy, was not convicted of infidels, but the wicked. He should be arrested or imprisoned by the government muslimin9 and beaten with a hard blow to the blood streaming down. The penalty was imposed on him until he would repent and do pray or to death in penjara10. The penalty kill was not until the fall to him except when he opposed the obligation to pray, because there is the hadith of Ibn Mas'ud, radi 'anhu of the Prophet alaihi wa sallam following:
لا يحل دم امرئ يشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وأني رسول الله إلا بإحدى ثلاث: الثيب الزاني والنفس بالنفس والتارك لدينه المفارق للجماعة
"It is not lawful to shed the blood of a person testifying that no god has the right to diibadahi except Allah alone, and he testified that I was a Messenger of Allah, unless one of three groups, namely someone who has / never married committing adultery, because people returned the soul ( someone kill another person in return he will diqishash / killed as well), and those who abandon their religion, part with congregation of the Muslims. "(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, no. 6878 and Muslim no. 4351) [Al-Majmoo '3 / 19, Shalatu wa ash-Hukmu Tarikiha, pp. 7-8]
In the hadith mentioned above is not legal to kill people who leave prayers. (Al-Minhaj, 2 / 257)
Malikiyyah schools and Syafi'iyyah argue that people who leave no udzur prayer, he asked to repent of his deeds. If you do not want to repent the way dibunuh11 beheaded with a sword jumhur12 opinion. However, this killing penalties imposed as the law had not killed him because of infidels. After death, he dikafani, dishalati, and was buried in the cemetery of Muslims. (Al-Majmoo '3 / 17, Al-Minhaj 2 / 257, Nailul Authar, 2 / 403)
From the description Shaikh of Islam Ibn Taymiyyah rahimahullahu in Majmoo 'Fataawa (22/40-53) in connection with this prayer case, it appears that he divides people into four types:
• People who refuse to do the prayer until he was killed, while in his heart there is absolutely no recognition of the obligations of prayer and no desire to do it. These people infidels by agreement of the Muslims.
• The constant prayer until his death, he did not prostrate to Allaah. He also does not recognize these obligations then the people were unbelievers.
• People who do not maintain the five daily prayers, this is the state of most humans. Once when he was doing prayers, at other times he left. People who like this situation under the will of Allaah. If Allaah wills will diadzab, if not then Allaah will forgive him. The evidence is the hadeeth of 'Shamit radi Ubadah ibnush' anhu who has been mentioned above.
• The believers who keep their prayers. This is a promise to go to heaven Allaah.

Of the existing differences of opinion, the author himself is more inclined to the opinion that states are not infidels. And this is the opinion of our reassurance, wallahu Exalted knows best-bish shawab.
Al-Imam al-Nawawi said when the strengthening rahimahullahu these opinions, "Constantly Muslims inherit each other with a prayer (from among their relatives). If those who disbelieved in prayer and will not be forgiven their sins, would not be inherited and do not inherit property to his relatives. The answer to the argument that the opinion delivered by people who left kafirnya pray with Jabir hadith, hadith and history Buraidah Syaqiq ibn Abdullah, is that the hadiths are brought meaning to the person who left the prayer will be a union for the infidels in some of the laws that apply to him , ie he must / should be killed. With this takwil texts terkumpullah laws and rules that have been mentioned. "(Al-Majmoo ', 3 / 19)
Al-Imam Al-Albani rahimahullahu states, "I think that the right is jumhur opinion. The history that comes from a friend who is not sure that the texts they mean by Kufr is the rejection that makes the perpetrator in neraka13 eternal. "(Ash-Saheehah, 1 / 174)
And Allaah the Exalted knows best-bish shawab.

1 Sufyan ibn Sa'id Ats Tsauri, Abu 'Amr al-Auza'i, Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak, Hammad ibn Zayd, Waki' Ibn al-Jarrah, Malik ibn Anas, Muhammad ibn Idris ash-Shafi'i, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Ishaq bin Rahuyah, and students / followers of their view that people who left the prayer was killed. Then they disagreed, whether killed as a Muslim who had lived law as adultery muhshan killed (people who have / never married and adultery), or killed because he killed people pagan as an apostate and zindiq. (Ash-Shalatu wa Hukmu Tarikiha, pp. 7 and 20)
2 فسوف يلقون غيا interpreted by Ibn 'Abbas with the loss. Qatada said, "(Later they would find) ugliness." Ibn Mas'ud interpreted in a valley in Hell Hell in a very very bad food anymore. There is also a interpret in a valley in Hell that contain blood and pus. (Al-Munir Mishbahul fit Ibni Tahdheeb Katheer Tafseer, pp. 830-831)
3 When reached verdicts imposed infidel means applied to him the laws of the infidels / apostates. Like not getting the inheritance from a relative who died, when a married man (and his wife was a Muslim) then he should divorce his wife, if not then should not be married to a Muslim woman. When he died, his body not be buried in the cemetery Muslims and so on.
4 And this opinion also held by most of the missionary priests today. Among Samaahat Shaykh Ibn Baz, ash-Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen, and our teacher ash-Shaykh Muqbil rahimahumullah.
5 There are two histories of al-Imam Ahmad in trouble killing people who leave this prayer.
First: He killed people killed as an apostate. So this opinion held by Sa'eed ibn Jubayr, Ash-Sha'bi Amir, Ibrahim An-Nakha'i, Abu 'Amr al-Auza'i, As-Sikhtiyani Ayyub Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak, Rahuyah ibn Ishaq, Abdul Malik bin Hubaib from the Malikiyyah, one side of the madhhab al-Imam ash-Shafi'i, Ath-Thahawi menghikayatkan of Al-Imam ash-Shafi'i himself and Abu Muhammad ibn Hazm menghikayatkannya from 'Umar Ibn al Khattab, Mu'adh ibn Jabal, Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf, Abu Hurayrah and besides them from the Companions.
Second: Murdered the law had, not for unbelievers. So opinions Malik, Ash-Shafi'i, and Abu Abdallah ibn Baththah chose this history. (Ash-Shalatu wa Hukmu Tarikiha, pp. 20)
6 That is the adulterer can not be done in time fornication perfect faith. He simply fell into abject act because his faith was weak. Thus, this hadith is not showing that the adulterer had no faith in the sense out of faith and enter into disbelief, but the adulterer remain a Muslim by faith that simply ratify Islamic.
7 As the hadith and hadith Jabir Buraidah.
8 If the servant dies in a state brought sin of shirk, could not repent of kesyirikan. But when repented of his sins then:
إن الله يغفر الذنوب جميعا
"Surely God forgives all sins." (Az-Zumar: 53)
9 What must be kept in mind, the laws had not upheld by the individual or an association / individual organization, but the authorities in their enforcement is wulatul age, the government of the Muslims.
10 And he would not die as unbelievers, but as the wicked, the believer is doing a big sin. Thus the maintenance of the body remains held by the Muslims as the implementation body of the Muslims; he bathed, dikafani, dishalati and was buried in the cemetery of Muslims.
Argued with verse 11:
فإذا انسلخ الأشهر الحرم فاقتلوا المشركين حيث وجدتموهم وخذوهم واحصروهم واقعدوا لهم كل مرصد فإن تابوا وأقاموا الصلاة وآتوا الزكاة فخلوا سبيلهم إن الله غفور رحيم
"If had been the sacred months, slay the idolaters wherever you find them and arrest them. Kepunglah them and intailah in place surveillance. If they repent, establish regular prayer and practice regular charity, then give them the freedom to walk. Verily Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. "(At-Tauba: 5)
12 quoted a hadith:
إن الله كتب الإحسان في كل شيء, فإذا قتلتم فأحسنوا القتلة
"Verily Allah ordered to do Ihsan (doing good) in all things, so if you kill baikkanlah in how to kill." (Narrated by Muslim, no. 1955)
While the killing with the sword slammed into the neck (cut) is the best way to kill and remove early life, so as not to hurt and torture people who were killed.
13 Because there is such thing as kufrun Duna kufrin, the charity is the practice of infidelity but did not necessarily in a heathen.

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