Jumat, 20 Agustus 2010

Law of Intention Pronounce Fasting

Praise be to Allah. Shalawat and hopefully shed greetings to the Prophet Muhammad, his family, good friends and followers until the Day of Resurrection. Amma ba'du:

God blessed readers Ta'alaa!

Fasting is a religious service in which each of worship must be accompanied with the intention if we want our worship acceptable to God Ta'alaa legitimate. But we need to know that pronouncing the intention in worship not prescribed because it was never done by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam and shahabatnya radhiallahu Mas'ood one, and it was the new things in the last days since the time salaful salih who praised by the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam in his saying:

"How excellent is abadku century later that after then the next" saheeh hadeeth

Similarly, because of the nature of faith is: the will of the absolute, that is the will to act, and its place in the liver rather than oral, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam said:

"Actual practice it depends on his intention", he did not say depending on pronunciation or sound, and was strengthened by several things:

1 - The Word of God Ta'alaa:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا إذا قمتم إلى الصلاة فاغسلوا وجوهكم

"O people who believe if you want to perform prayer wash your faces." (Surat al-anymore: 6)

The above verse shows that since the will of its place in the hearts of God Almighty ordered us to immediately wash your face, not ordered to recite the first intention.

2 - Word of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam to people who were mistaken in his prayer: "If you want to pray then complete the ablution and then and Qibla direction menghadaplah bertakbirlah" saheeh hadeeth.

He has not ordered him to recite the intention, even when it was in a position to teach an ignorant person, and he commanded the first pronunciation: bertakbirlah, should recite the prescribed course intentions Prophet 'alayhi wasallam has explained it, but because of its place in the hearts desire, and it can be achieved with the will to act which he described with his saying: "If you want to pray", he commanded the first obligation that is pronounced the words: Allahu Akbar.

3 - It is also understood by the shahabat radhiallahu Mas'ood, where they never pronounce the intention when they wanted to do a practice, they even deny it, as practiced by Ibn Umar radhiallahu anhu:

Past history of saheeh by Ibn Umar radhiallahu anhu when he heard someone who is about to berihram said 'O God I really want to perform Hajj and Umrah. " Then he said: "Do you want to tell people? Did not God know what is in your heart?" (Issued by Al-Bayhaqi: 5 / 40).

So should not pronounce even when they wanted to carry out intentions and Umrah pilgrims.

Not allowed to say when they wanted berihram: "O Allah! I want to perform Hajj and Umrah," but only allowed to speak for Hajj and Umrah talbiyah simultaneously or one of them.

And this is not included due to its position as the intention to recite Takbiratul ihram when entered into the prayer.

Similarly, when going to fast, do not need to say let alone a congregation with the intention to lead a person:

Souma Nawaitu godhin 'an adaa i, fardhi syahri ramadhaana haadzihis sanati lillahi ta'aalaa

"I'm fasting tomorrow's intention to fulfill the obligations of Ramadan this year because God Ta'alaa."

Do not even need to recite the intention is madhahib former priests like Imam Ahmad, Syafie, Malik and Abu Hanifa rahimahumullah ajma'in.

Said Ibn Abil 'Izz al-Hanafi may Allaah have mercy: (None of the four priests, not priests or other Syafie pronunciation requires intentions because intentions based on their place in the hearts of their agreement, except to some scholars mutaakhirin of them, which requires the intention and issuing a single pronunciation side opinion in the schools of priests Syafie? Imam Nawawi, may Allaah have mercy says: And that's wrong. Done. Because they have been preceded by consensus) See the book Al-Itba 'things: 62.

As said in the book written by Al-Mubin Qaulul Masyhur Sheikh Hasan bin hafidhahullah: "It was wrong of Abu Abdullah Az-Zubairi may Allaah have mercy from the schools point to the Imam Syafiiyah when Syafie may Allaah have mercy so that one side of the opinions issued from the words of the Imam with the suspicion that he pronounces the intention to oblige in prayer. " And because mistakes do not understand the words he was the Imam Syafie because his words are scripture is: ((if the intention for Hajj and Umrah will be sufficient, though not pronounced, and unlike the prayer invalid, except to pronounce)) [Al-Majmu ' 3 / 243].

Imam Nawawi said: ((say our friends: who said this was wrong, because the purpose of Imam Syafie to recite the prayer is not this, but the intent Takbir)) [ibid].

So the conclusion that the intention was not allowed to pronounce and is a new case that we should avoid.

Hopefully Allaah help us to charity this Ramadan month in accordance with the guidance of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam.

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