Rabu, 12 Mei 2010

Church and State in Islam

The starting points of some verses of the brightness of God:

(1) in the e-supervised board, collectibles from the writings of Baha'u'llah, the Chartered Insurance Institute area p. 206-7:

God is one minute and be the stars of glory, hath considered at any time, and will adhere to in particular, in the hearts of men and his country, his tenure absolute. Everything else, whether on sea or space, whether abundant or glory, he hath even grandparents kings and rulers of the earth. Who does not have alpha-alpha and decoration, in which it proclaimed the words "he is doing anything they want" was pants in which the accuracy of all aspects referred to him.

(2) In a statement, Al you, in holdings 279 CXXVIII:

Completion of the apple hath claimed for himself in the hearts of men - hosts of the hearts that adumbration and advertising could be made subject. Appropriate hath it was made by the fingers of Baha, high in the revelation of God's decree assertive, by Him who is bidding for the investor or command higher, the Knowing.

(3), and in the Holy Book-mail:

But you served my kings of the earth! ... Arise, and serve Him Who is the desire of all nations, and who created you from a conversation of it, and push you to be, at all times, and slogans his country's sovereignty.

By the appropriateness of God! It is not our ambition to establish easily on your kingdoms. Our hearts are appropriate and the acquisition of men. Aloft is installed them the eyes of Baha. To this testifieth Association of names, but you can appreciate that.

And (4), a book in the section Iqan e 133 / 125 folio:

The dominance of the rise of alluvial poor physical and the Sultan, to betoken chains and compliance alien to all the peoples and tribes of the apple - which the holder of Wonder should be as stellar and fabricated to live in peace, and the abandonment of his enemies and corrupt - Anatomy their dominance will not be accurate from God himself, the source of all control,

He added that there is full of such examples, but this is enough to complete the point of indigenous people: the expectation that Bahá'u'lláh

- Acceptance of the capital of the rise of the analysis of types of physical and adorable, and the allocation of my body to the tyranny of physical rulers and not to the clergy, and God Cardinal alpha of the time (quote 1);

- The richness of God's heart Godself abandoned (ie, the renunciation of conscience; love is to learn, and not the imposition of the sword) (2);

- The civilian rulers to accept the religious license "forever" to activate the power of God (3), so this is not material to be suffering in the future, and

- This analysis between authorities, the agency said that love can never be arrogant exercise of power, is the "real God himself" (4) - it reflects the material in the Kingdom, "names".

Baha'u'llah can not accept these things and said if he expected to release minutes of Muhammad was the opposite, I was surprised he knew the Koran is not healthy, we were arrested on the acquisition of this education and accurate the Quran and the prophetology from the Koran to belong to the prophets previous . So let's try for the acquisition of scripture that abutment in the second half of the Dominions physical and religious.

Five sets of verses of the Koran is the best hit,

- Verses prophetology we had intimidated Nazir verses,

- This the way to arbitration Mohammed, which will alert nimble verses,

- This way to lead the body,

- The 'authorities' verses, and

- 'Freedom' verses.

Warner signs

Can be separated in these verses warner way to previous prophets, and this way of Muhammad himself, like this one:

Alert to remember, for you and one alone, which calls for a secondary (mudhakkirun). You do not (set) over them as the arbitral tribunal (musaytirin). If anyone abroad turn to doubt, and God will assault him from the death of the employer. (88:21-24)

All authorities to join in this Agreement in the Aristocracy in the Koran Rafik Watt: Najaf, said "This is, only Mohammed transferred bulletin and has no power." This affects the nature of the 88:21 Al is again in Sura 9, which is entirely possible that Al revealed the closest, which concluded (vv 128-9):

There was a farewell to you arising from the center of yourselves ... But if they face some away, and says: God is appropriate for me: there is no god but He, the presence of him ... '

He also revealed that Al-5, which is in accordance to return enough of Al second to last, he says (v. 102) "There is nothing binding on the invitation, but an admonition (Al balaagh )..."

In the song 'You do not (set) over them as a ruler' (88:21) has parallels in Sura 6, in addition to the Meccan period of the past:

I say, I am not over you and I (wakiilin) (66).

I [Muhammad] are not more than you and one of the guards (hafiizan) ... (104)

We do not accept the appointment of [Muhammad] and one of the guards, and you are not over them as a guardian. (107)

Similarly, in Sura 4, of the period Medinan indigenous people:

We accept delighting you as bodies (rasulan) ... It obeyed the Deputy obeyed God, and as for those who are away from the face, and we do not accept you one of the guards delighting them. (79-80)


We apperceive what they say: you do not accept the Department's skill (be-jabbaarin) them. Cause them to remember, through the Koran ... (50:45)

In Sura 25 years) from the Meccan period, and God says Mohammed:

We accept only one who gives you a beatific advice animation (mubashiirun), and as a result of the warning. I say, I'm not asking you for any adjusted for that, that all reality must be completed corridor to his Lord. (56-57)

Finally, in the AL from that date back to about the alleged period of civil, Mohammed said:

O Prophet, and we never accept you as a beatific attestant (shaahidan), which gives advice, animation, warner, and as advocated by bodies (the disease `iyan) to God, God, and light bulb giving. (33:45-6, in addition to this we see 48:8)

Detract from the power of Muhammad banausic is the tone of the pre-apprenticeship of God that he should say to him, assembly "in this case" (3:159). This is the verse Medinan, and refers to the work in the Battle of Uhud, which was in addition to Mohammed, commander of the aggression. It seems appropriate that it refers best to consult with the leaders of the various elements of the Union Medinan, to belong to aggressive driving.

Once apperceive why attending for in the Koran, 'Warner' Signs of a fuss about us on every page:

7:184 "It is only the harbinger of a bright (mundhiirun)".

7:188 "I am warning the yard, but one who brings news of animation".

10:108 "I'm not over you and me."

11:12 "... You Nazir alone, and God all things are in his custody."

13:07 "You are only a warner."

15:89 "and says: I am a bright omen."

16:82 "is binding you'll not only preaching bright."

17:54 "We do not accept them as a beatific you guardian."

22:49 "Say: O people, I am only a warner bright for you."

27:92 "I found a stray, he says," I really alone and one of the warners. "

34:28 "We do not only what you beatific what is adequate for the people, through the provision of advice and warning that the animation".

39:41 "You did not end them as a guardian."

42:48 "If some of the face away, and we do not accept beatific you one of the guards on them."

50:2 "They feared that Warner might arise to them, from the center of themselves."

79:45 "You are only a warner for those who are disgusting is [that is] an hour."

Referred to any person who has to join the Arab can accumulate these examples, and thereafter the Agreement of Arab high for the Messenger of words, and Warner, the preacher, the witness, the caller, one of which calls for one secondary, which brings news enough, in addition to the agreement of the roles of Mohammed does not have : guard or guardian, and arbitration are identical. Without presuming to be exhaustive, see verses 2:119, 11:02, 13:40, 14:52, 28:46, 29:50, 32:3, 34:46, 35:23, 37, 42 and 38: 65 and 70, 41:4, 42:6, 44:12, 46:9, 51:50-1; 67:8-9 and 26.

When we put these verses together, it becomes bright to accept the absolute best title Muhammad accepted, rasuul or Messenger, is "a person who has warned, calling for the amendment and attest, but that does not accept the work of the guard, guardian or ruler, or any skill to force." I was surprised to see how abundant such verses, it begins to appear as if the business acumen amid the rise of the Prophet and banausic is in fact one of the core capacity of the Koran.

And fabricated similar ads about the dominance of religious obligation to the way the Koran or the Criterion, which is a face to what (25:1), for all the prophets collectively (6:48, 34:34,44, 35:24, 18:56, 29: 18.36 : 17,) who are all alone delighting submission (16:35), in addition to that alone for the prophets such as Noah (71:1-2), Moses (17:105, 05:21, 05:28), Hood (46:21 ), Lot (54:33-36) and Jesus (5:49). Shoaib says the mine 'I am not set over you, and one of the guards' (11:86).

, Mohammed, "the warners, one of the oldest" (53:56), and the deal with him in the band mentioned above and all these figures, which refused to accept the warnings, the prophets who came with them. Such as Bahá'u'lláh to him after that, it seems that Mohammed very acceptable and binding on the dominance of religious and grassroots banausic and arrangement of God ambidextrous with humanity, and not strictly a fact material in the same way, or the requirements of time.

If we attend in the contexts of both the harbinger of these 'corridors, we can generalize about the point which is actually made. Reduce the dominance of the prophets, has two aspects: on the one hand, and the prophets do not accept any occasion for the rise of my body on the people, and the skill of demolishing them (the claim that the bodies chargeless to arrest and face and or not), or appropriate for the arbitral tribunal and punished. Nor are the Prophets If a farewell Bulletin bodies (2:272). "On the other hand, God, and not the prophets, he has a skill for the jury and the bodies of abuse of their choices chargeless, and Allah does not have a skill of mine hour of the verdict. Must have the skill of the mine on both sides, to belong to the physical forces, and belonging to God.

The rule of signs

Skill it could be objected that Muhammad is only a remote control of the government work, but still has the aldermanic and administrative functions. He said that the intelligence is anachronistic and would be wrong, as an annual action Muhammad. Although this was not Mohammed in fact a body of arbitration in certain disputes, and work that had existed under the League at that time, which can be endowed with any honest man enough for both parties. Where Mohammed did not act as arbiter, not by taking advantage of its base a prophet, but by chargeless agreement of the parties, who used either at the time of the conflict, or trained in advance under the agreement of the Medina. Both in the presence of Muhammad, and the parties to the quarrel could be the man did not accept some of the honorable and he said that the arbitral tribunal (as in the case Quraizah), and Muhammad was responsible to obey the decision of the arbitral tribunal in the amount as anyone else. Furthermore, it can be reduced by Muhammad to serve as the arbitral tribunal was surprised asked:

Either that arbitration is the center of them or you from the face of them from abroad, and if you are abroad from the face of them, they can not abuse you in any way. (5:45)

It seems in fact it is advised that Muhammad does not decide in matters midst of the Jews in Medina, because God again asks: "Why do you emerge to govern, and was surprised by the Torah and the middle of them, the absolute rule of God?" (5:46)

Another song that appears to the emergence of that Muhammad had an administrative function, in the middle of atomic faithful, is 4:65:

They will not even accept you for the recognition of all that arises in the middle of them. Again it will not acquire any of attrition ears themselves to what you accept it, and it will stick perfectly.

The story is from the period Medinan indigenous people, and refers to those who say they believe, as shown by air:

You do not appear to accept those who claim to accept ... They are ambitious to go to a provision in the L - Juggernaut, despite its acceptance of orders were issued to them a farewell to him, and Satan wants to progress her astray. (4:60)

Some accept that the risk of Evil is the name for a rule aspersing accurate, and that the devil and aggressive believers face-to-face about this man for arbitration. But as Watt, and the acceptance of variety on the adventure announced the arbitral tribunal and change and some frankly fantastic. It seems to me it is likely to adapt Juggernaut claimed the name of Satan (in addition to that, it can be poor 'evil', 'injustice' or fetish), and 'the devil is adapted to' the devil as described above. This means, the faithful face from the face of the devil, not Muhammad, to rule, and was surprised the devil does not absorb fully the provisions admitted or arbitration, shall be accepted by the prosecution that the adherents of the nominal still manage their behavior rhythmic private and in accordance with the principles of the completion of the devil, when it should be administered in accordance with accomplished by the teachings of Muhammad, and the acceptance of an article wholeheartedly. In this case, the story does not betoken that Muhammad should be decided on the anniversary of the launch issue specifically, or that the believers have been appropriate to-face about it and no one was surprised by the arbitration abroad evil. Mohammed stipulate the rules and methods of association and daily rhythms of activity to those changing of the Leviathan, in. He may decide cases in addition to accurate, but is not appropriate to do so. Should be taken into account in their levels of apperception previous song (4:59), which is not absolutely faithful to the adoption of the center of disputes themselves to Muhammad (but also an achievement enough, instead of the command).

Another song Medinan indigenous refers to those who say they accept God and the Prophet:

I was surprised and called to Allah and His Messenger, and it may award the middle of them (I yahkuma baynahum), camp and one of them amid protests. But if the appropriate assistance to them they will not obey him arise (24:48-9)

Such as 4:59, this credibility to refer the believers to rely on recognition of Mohammed, but only "when summoned." This is apples removed from the arm of the State Bar, and Cardinal forced the bodies of all religions. To lead a song about any authority known '(24:54):

Say: Obey Allah and obey the Messenger, but if some of the face away, and binding issue alone it is that he was appointed official with an assignment to respond with acceptance is binding on you. If you obey him, you will be directed accurately. Genocide is binding on the agent only preaching bright.

We can see that this task is the moral duty only, and this applies to the believers in the time of Muhammad. It does not recognize at all the influence that Muhammad was in the religious community, and the duty of obedience, but it would be ample capacity to achieve this the basis for an approach to the state.

Signs of physical power

Is not only not in the Koran says sharply that the prophets is the only warners, and that is not the appointment of Mohammed as the arbitral tribunal more than men, it talks about the addition, if sharp banausic few rulers, and sometimes in the movement mentioned above and the prophets:

They [the heads] Israel has said the mine to the center of them, "Barron set for us ..." He said the mine them, "the eye of God Talot (Taalut) as Baron you ... God granted his ascendancy to whom He pleases." (2:246-247)

The reality of interest is an adventure of mine, and Samuel Baron Sort Saul (Talot), which starts from the Academy of Yom Kippur in Israel's history.

Joseph (which is mine, and in accordance with Islamic criteria) is the original form to add mine and Baron, who is mentioned together. Served Pharaoh, and whether he agreed and the power of prisoners as a 'guard' (hafiizun, 12:55) on stocks of corn, it was to take advantage of his skill and virtue, and the appointment of the aristocracy: not because of his base as a prophet. The case of Yusuf religious confession, it must banausic his ascendancy to the laws of the King (12:76). Joseph and Pharaoh, and Samuel and Saul, the agreement is a perfect center of love and power.

While Moses said to accept the domination and bright (sultaanin mubiinin), and this is the time in question as it was Pharaoh (AMR), were excluded from the bodies before Pharaoh (11:96-7). Use two of the reality of changing the agreement indicates that the dominance of the mine above is not as that of the king, and the rise is not forced. Sultan usually translates as 'warrant,' because it is in the Koran and agency support of God, and not on the absolute domination of men (0:40; 7:71; 10:68).

Moses and the position of a stick of tribal banishment is irregular (and adapt to abstract from a position of Muhammad as a stick to exile group), because Moses and Adam and functions such as blackjack in the absence of the state. Date added to Israel as contained in the Koran, including the story mentioned in isolation, tells us that God's plan was completed from the age of the company of a king. Ion of the anomalies in the mine which was in addition to the stick banausic is commenting on the plan, and commitment to a challenge to Israel that it is unfit to carry out this duty the development of civilization. Although the Koran contains cases in which the amount of religious influence is at the time mentioned banausic power, and this is verbatim affairs and not at the expense of the Association of ideal plans to Islam. David is the original form in addition to the accumulation of religious authority and banausic.

David was not off the alleged agent (the Prophet) in the Qur'an, but called 'Our maid' (38:17), and he was included in the expense of those who strictly guidance (6:84), who has been accepted he used the book, the influence (hukm) and prophecy ( nubuwat) (6:89). Book ',' Psalms, is allocated Hebrew and Christian canon. So there is ample testimony to what is recommended for a mine in the Islamic tradition, apostolic. In the Qur'an, is the acceptance of gifts divine David both '(minutes afzulan, 34:10) and' base of the poor on earth '(khaliifatan fii land of al-Qaeda, 38:26). I was surprised he did not accept the latter, because Saul was the king, and give him the skill represents the ideal of the agreement Joseph and Pharaoh.

Suleiman, and Central guide who is thoroughly accepted the rule of prophecy (6:84-89), in addition to that it is accepted by the Commonwealth (mulkan, 38:35). But appears in the Qur'an in the first place on the amount of myth, and not, as in a mine and the King. It is not supposed to accept the alleged mine of Bahá'u'lláh.

"There are 20 offspring in the prophets mentioned by name in the Koran, and others did not mention his name. Properly accepted is that they were alone, both the dead and of the people, the rulers of the people. David (and Moses as the original form of abnormal conditions) to accommodate us with two of the objections available apriorism that the Koran acknowledges the negative power of religious and banausic. But if we had to accede to the abounding added prophets who do not have any authority banausic, and there are ten times as full of objections to the apriorism that the Koran provides abutment of religious domination and skill banausic as ideal. Advised as a whole, is a bright to measure the Qur'an is to break the power of the religious and banausic, and that the Qur'an is an agreement by the middle of an ideal.

In addition, shows examples of the Koran under the agreement is ideal for love of power, evident in the center of better relations and the rulers of Mecca, Muhammad, and Moses Pharaoh mentioned (7:103 - 137). In the adventure of the closure (revealed in the period Aristocracy backward), Moses does not seek to replace a banausic, however, to accept this claim to have a 'real' goal lead to disbelief in the Egyptian court, and ultimately to work (7): 110) . Similarly, at the time of adventure, which accounted for Moses to flee to the debtor, and the juxtaposition of a fabricated claim that it had agreed to become a man of skill (jabbaaran) in apple (28:19). It can be difficult to strike that Muhammad tells the adventure of Moses and Pharaoh in these terms: the recognition of Muhammad's remarks again, especially that it is only a warner and seeks the yard of them, leaders of the entertainment Mecca him as a fighting power, and Muhammad suffered because of this uncertainty. For Baha'is, as well as an adventure that reads as a blazon of the tragedy of the door, exile and imprisonment of Bahá'u'lláh, and the imprisonment of Abdul-Baha for the reason mentioned above: in that the skill with which they fear the dominance of the religious authority will be used to confirm the body. Taken aback by Pharaoh absitively commitment to the work of killing the birth of macho of the children of Israel, Moussa told his people: "O Allah, bless assistance, and patience. Really, Apple is God, and he had it the center of his servants whom He wills" (7:128). Association of convincing the story, for believers affected in Mecca, and that was an admiral to be in town, and it is biased on the skill to be, were not to be against or deposed.

Announcement of a stronger, both of this is to start in the AL as of 03:26, Medinan period of indigenous people: "Say, O God, O Lord of Power, you accept the skill to whomever you want, and you will spoil the skill whomever." This is often said to accept the result attention to the fate that awaits the Persian and Byzantine empires. This is not mentioned above is the appropriate approach to all the powers of kings. This approach gives the broad support of all power series that promises the throne: The revitalization of the arc to each of the houses and the Persian aristocracy, European (especially French).

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